Summer is coming and with it the holidays abroad with which we have been dreaming for months. To prevent a disease from spoiling these days, it is important to know what kind of diseases there may be in the area and how to prevent them , especially those for which there is no vaccine. Thus, the traveler can prevent contagion and enjoy without worries.
How do I prevent contagion?
There are many diseases that can be contracted in different ways. In general, you have to be careful with three forms of contagion : mosquitoes and animals; food and water and infected people.
To prevent the bite of mosquitoes , which transmit diseases such as zika, chinkungunya or dengue. They are usually found in tropical areas around the world. The best way to protect yourself is through the use of mosquito repellents and using long clothes and impregnated with permethrin. In the case of animals , it is advisable to stay away from them.
Water and food could be contaminated, so it is advisable to follow basic hygiene measures when cooking and only drink bottled water. In this way diseases such as hepatitis A, typhoid fever, cholera or traveler’s diarrhea are avoided.
Where to get vaccinated?
In one of the 100 International Vaccination Centers (CVI) where the traveler receives personalized advice according to the area to which they travel and their health status. Also there they will tell you the dates in which the vaccines will be produced and which ones should be placed. In addition, it is best to have the vaccination card up-to-date, otherwise it will have to be updated before leaving.
Depending on the time of year, these centers may be saturated . But there are two options : to appear in the CVI and wait for them to attend to you during the day or to go to the health center, since most of them have almost all the necessary vaccines at hand.
Some diseases like Zika or Chinkungunya do not have a vaccine , so you have to be very careful not to get them. It is most appropriate for the traveler to be informed of the diseases that can be incurred in the area and how they contract. So, you will also know how to prevent infection. You can find all this information by requesting an appointment at the International Vaccination Centers.
When to get vaccinated?
It is important to go to the International Vaccination Center in time since some vaccines need at least a month from the last dose before being exposed to the virus to be effective. Bearing in mind that sometimes several vaccines are necessary, the traveler should go at least three months before leaving .
Before the arrival of the Olympic Games and the controversy with the Zika virus, which plagues the country; The Ministry of Health warns travelers about the diseases that may be incurred during the stay. The alert is not only for Zika, there are other serious diseases for which the traveler must worry before catching the plane.
Zika should not be a problem in Brazil since it is winter there. However, in the Manaus area there may be some risk. To avoid any type of risk, it is best to take individual protection measures to avoid mosquito bites (repellents for the body and permethrin for clothing and equipment) and special care must be taken with sexual relations, which are a means of transmission of the virus. In the case of people with immune disorders, they should consult a doctor or go to the International Vaccination Center, where they will be given more personalized information. For pregnant women, it is best to postpone their trips if they are not essential.
One of these diseases is chinkungunya . There is no vaccine, but it usually does not cause death. The few cases in which patients have died, has been due to other health problems, so people with chronic diseases (such as diabetes, HIV, high blood pressure …) should see their GP if they notice the symptoms. It is characterized by high fever, headache, in the joints and muscles.