The Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) was founded in July 2013 by Julius Malema. Malema was a former president of the ANC Youth League when he was expelled from the ruling ANC party.
The EFF was formed with the aim of “bringing together revolutionary activists, activists, community organizations as well as pressure groups under the umbrella of the political party pursuing the struggle for economic emancipation”.
The party views economic freedom as the total ownership of economic and natural resources by the previously oppressed and exploited majority.
In 2014, it obtained 1,169,259 votes (6.35%) in the legislative elections, i.e. 25 seats in the National Assembly and 7 seats in the National Council of Provinces.
The EFF participated in the 2016 municipal elections obtaining 3,202,679 (8.31%). The party won a total of 28 seats in municipalities with at least 1 seat in each province.
In the 2019 general election, the party increased the number of its deputies to 44.
The party calls for the nationalization of mines, banks and other strategic sectors of the economy, as well as the expropriation of land without compensation in order to undo the oppression resulting from colonial rule.
The party advocates for free education, housing, health care and sanitation.
EFF Local Elections 2016
In the 2016 local elections – its first – the EFF won 8.2% of the vote or 761 seats nationwide. The EFF received 2,446,662 neighborhood and public relations votes in total. However, he was unable to get any advice.
The EFF has become the kingmaker in a number of municipalities. In key metros such as Johannesburg, Tshwane and Nelson Mandela Bay, for example, the EFF backed the DA in principle, allowing it to take control of these metros for the first time since 1994.
In its first-ever local elections, the party won more than 10% of all votes in three provinces: Limpopo, Gauteng and North West. It is the third most popular party behind the DA and the ANC.